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How to Place an Initial Fraud Alert

We live in an interconnected world, and this digital age has brought about a lot of conveniences. Many of these conveniences include everybody having an online presence. Sometimes, in unlucky situations, that online presence gets stolen from you. That’s a form of identity theft. This insidious crime has no boundaries and does not discriminate – it affects individuals, businesses, and families alike. The implications of identity theft are distressing at best and devastating at worst.

The repercussions of identity theft must not be underestimated. From drained bank accounts to damaged credit scores and the painstaking process of reclaiming one’s stolen identity, the consequences are both emotionally and financially taxing. What’s worse is that the threat continues to evolve, which makes taking preventative measures all the more crucial.

One such precautionary measure is placing an initial fraud alert. Our guide aims to serve as your guiding light on how to place an initial fraud alert. Join us as we navigate the intricacies of this essential process, empowering you to protect your virtual self in the best way.

Key Takeaways

  • To place an initial fraud alert, contact one of the three major bureaus – Equifax, Experian, or TransUnion – and request an alert.
  • An initial fraud alert lasts for one year, during which creditors will take additional care to verify your identity when you apply for credit.
  • Regularly monitor your credit reports for any suspicious activity during the alert period.

Understanding Initial Fraud Alerts

An initial fraud alert is placed on your credit report to alert potential creditors that you may be a victim of identity theft or fraud. The primary purpose of this alert is to urge creditors to take extra precautions to verify your identity before granting you credit. In simpler terms, it serves as an early warning system to protect your credit and personal information.

An initial fraud alert typically lasts for one year, after which you can renew it if you deem it necessary. An extended fraud alert lasts for up to seven years. During the entire alert period, creditors may contact you to ask for additional verification before approving your credit.

It is important to understand that an initial fraud alert is different from a credit freeze. A credit freeze restricts your access completely to your credit reports until you decide to lift it. If you want to apply for credit, you will have to temporarily lift the freeze – this might incur some fees in some states, so you ought to check with your state laws. Read more about avoiding financial fraud here.

When Should You Consider Placing an Initial Fraud Alert?

If you’re considering when you should consider placing an initial fraud alert, here are the main few instances when you should place an alert:

Instances of Suspected Identity Theft

The most apparent sign of identity theft is unfamiliar transactions on your bank statements, and these transactions are usually to unknown accounts, which might be a sign of fraudulent activities.

Receiving unknown calls from debt collectors, missing emails, or diverted mail to a changed address is also a signal of identity theft. Moreover, rejected credit applications and receiving unknown medical bills in your name are clear indications as well.

Lost or Stolen Wallet or Important Documents

Wallets or important documents contain a lot of information about you that can be misused. You must put an initial fraud alert immediately or beforehand if you lose your wallet or even suspect that you might have lost it. If you lose your wallet, chances are your credit cards might fall into the wrong hands. In that case, follow our guide here to know what to do.

Suspicious Activity or Breaches Reported by Financial Institutions

If any financial institution reports any suspicious activity or breach, the first thing to do is contact your financial institution and gather information from them. If you suspect a breach or sense something amiss, immediately place a fraud alert. Don’t take time to think if you might be behind the anomaly; you can assess that later.

How to Place an Initial Fraud Alert on Your Credit Report: Step-by-Step Guide

In case of a suspected identity breach, there are some proactive measures that you can take. The foremost action is placing an initial fraud alert on your credit reports. Here is a step-by-step guide on how to set an initial fraud alert on your credit report.

Step 1: Contacting One of the Three Major Credit Bureaus (Experian, Equifax, Or TransUnion)

The first step to take is to contact one of the three major credit bureaus. Once you have initiated the request, it is required by law that the bureau of your choice notify the other two that an alert has been placed. You can contact any of them via websites, phone, or email. While the bureau gets back to you with updates, you can use our suggested VPNs or antiviruses like Norton 360 for further online work.


Step 2: Providing Necessary Identification and Details to Verify Your Identity

When you initiate a request, the next step is to prove your identity and provide your official identification. The bureau will ask you to provide personal details to verify your identity. This includes your name, date of birth, address (present or any previous), social security number, and other bank account details (applicable in certain cases).

Step 3: Filling Out the Necessary Forms or Online Requests

Next, the credit bureau may ask you to submit forms online or on paper. Someone from the bureau will guide you through the whole process. Follow the instructions carefully – you must also double-check the information you entered for accuracy of that information. Remember to fill out the paper form neatly and clearly so there is no issue understanding the information. Paper forms will also require posting to the concerned credit bureau or, in case of an online system, filling the form at their official sites.

Remember to use a VPN and antivirus like Norton 360 while filling out the needed form online.


Step 4: Understanding That the Bureau You Contact Must Inform the Other Two About the Alert

The bureau of your choice is legally obligated to inform the other two about the alert. This is to keep synchronization among the three credit bureaus. The bureaus are interconnected and share information regularly, so your information will surely reach the other two.

The protection you get during the alert is applied to credit reports held by each agency. If a lender checks your credit reports through any of the three bureaus, they will see the alert.

Step 5: Keeping A Copy of the Confirmation or Reference Number for Your Records

It is important to keep a record of the copy of the confirmation letter or reference number provided to you by the credit bureau. It can be used to verify your action, contact credit bureaus, and provide evidence for any potential identity theft. In addition to this, you can show a legitimate document of the alert to your creditors. Lastly, the copy of the record can serve as a reminder of the expiration date of the alert.

What Happens After You Place an Initial Fraud Alert?

What happens after you place an initial fraud alert? Let’s see:

How Businesses Respond When They See an Alert on Your Report

When businesses see an initial fraud alert on your credit report, they are required by law to take a few steps to verify your credit applications. Most creditors and lenders will attempt to contact you using the contact number you provided when placing the alert. They will request some additional information to confirm your identity. In some cases, businesses may even request to see some documentation to prove your identity. This could be in any form, from driver’s license to utility bills.

The Rights and Benefits You Gain

Placing an initial fraud alert provides you with certain rights and benefits designed to protect your identity. One of the primary benefits is the right to receive free credit reports from each of the major credit bureaus (Equifax, Experian, and TransUnion) once a year.

You also have more access to your credit reports and receive an immediate alert to any activity. Moreover, your creditors have to be extra careful with your credit reports to protect you.

The Automatic Expiration of The Alert After One Year and Renewal Options

The initial fraud alert lasts for one year. During this one-year period, you can request to end the alert once you feel safe. However, if that’s not the case and the alert has been lifted after a year, you can apply for a renewal for another year.

Other Protective Measures Beyond Initial Fraud Alerts

There are never too many precautions to take to protect yourself from fraudulent entities. Apart from placing an initial fraud alert, there are several other protective measures you can take, like using a password manager like Dashlane or 1Password, along with the steps we mentioned below.


The Benefits and Procedures of Placing an Extended Fraud Alert

Placing an extended fraud alert on your credit report offers several benefits and follows specific procedures to enhance security for you. For starters, the seven-year-long alert ensures your credit remains under heightened protection. Moreover, as with the initial fraud alert, you can access free credit reports from the three major bureaus, as we mentioned before.

Understanding Credit Freezes and Their Implications

Credit freezes, also known as security freezes, restrict your access and lock your credit report. This means creditors, lenders, and potential identity thieves cannot access your credit information in any way. It also prevents a new account from being opened in your name.

Although credit freezes give you control over your credit, some states may charge a fee for freezing or temporarily lifting the freeze. Moreover, it may be inconvenient for you in case you need to check your credit report or apply for new credit. Moreover, while a security freeze gives you protection, you could still become a victim of other forms of identity theft, such as an existing account takeover.

Using Credit Monitoring Services for Ongoing Vigilance

Credit monitoring services like Identity Guard check your credit reports from the major credit bureaus (Equifax, Experian, and TransUnion) for any changes or suspicious activity. In case of any suspicious activity, such as new credit inquiries, account openings, or negative information, the service will send you alerts. Furthermore, many credit monitoring services provide access to your credit reports, allowing you to review them and spot any discrepancies.


Removing or Upgrading Your Fraud Alert

You can lift or upgrade your fraud alert according to your needs in the following ways:

The Process of Lifting the Alert Before Its Automatic Expiration

To lift an initial fraud alert before its automatic expiration (typically one year), contact the credit bureau where you placed the alert and provide your identification and verification information. Next, you will need to specify the date you want the alert to be removed.

The credit bureau will process your request and contact you when the alert has been lifted.

How to Upgrade to an Extended Fraud Alert

To upgrade to an extended fraud alert, you must contact one of the major credit bureaus and provide the necessary documentation confirming your identity theft, such as an Identity Theft Report from the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) or a police report. After confirming your report, the bureau will place an extended alert on your credit.

If you’re not eligible for an extended alert, you can renew your initial fraud alert.

Considerations When Deciding the Best Time to Remove or Change the Alert

First, you must consider whether you are still at risk of identity theft or if you feel safe now. If you feel safe, you can have the alert lifted. Alternatively, if you plan to apply for credit or loans, removing or temporarily lifting the alert might be a good idea.

How To Place a Fraud Alert: Frequently Asked Questions

Does Placing an Initial Fraud Alert Affect My Credit Score?

Placing an initial fraud alert generally does not directly impact your credit score. When you request an initial fraud alert, credit reporting agencies are alerted and immediately take the necessary steps to secure your credit information.

Can I Still Apply for Credit With an Initial Fraud Alert In Place?

Yes, you can still apply for credit with an initial fraud alert in place. An initial fraud alert does not prevent you from applying for credit, but it prompts the creditors to take extra steps to verify your identity before extending credit.

What’s The Difference Between a Fraud Alert and a Credit Freeze?

The difference between a fraud alert and a credit freeze is that a fraud alert notifies creditors to verify your identity, but you remain eligible to apply for credit. In comparison, a credit freeze restricts access to your credit report and blocks new credit applications until the freeze is lifted.

How Often Should I Check My Credit Report After Placing an Alert?

You can check your credit report after placing an alert with all the major bureaus every twelve months. You can make additional checks in case of suspicious activity.


In conclusion, safeguarding your identity and financial security in the face of the ever-present threat of identity theft is a proactive and necessary step. Placing an initial fraud alert is a vital step in this ever-evolving virtual world we live in.

By following our guide, you can take a significant step towards enhancing your personal security and ensuring that your identity remains in your control. Before we let you go, we’d like you to remember that vigilance is your greatest ally in the fight against identity theft. Regularly monitoring your credit reports via platforms like Identity Guard, promptly responding to any suspicious activity, and keeping your personal information secure should be regular practices.

As you embark on this journey of securing your identity, share this guide with your friends and family, so you may help them fortify their defenses against the threat of identity theft, too.